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What is it? Shoulder instability is a term used to describe a weakness in the structures of the shoulder that keep the joint stable, often leading to frequent dislocations. As one of the most flexible joints in the body, the shoulder maintains stability through a balance...

Frozen shoulder, also known as adhesive capsulitis, is a condition affecting the joint capsule of the shoulder. It is characterised by inflammation of the capsule, leading to pain and stiffness with shoulder movements.    Frozen shoulder is categorised as either primary or secondary. Primary frozen shoulder occurs...

It’s heating up!   In what is shaping up to be a very hot summer indeed, one of the key things to consider when undertaking sports or activities are the effects of heat on the body.  As the temperature rises above 35°C (hot day), the body has...

What is it? Plantar fasciitis is a common condition of the foot and heel affecting both athletes and members of the general public. The plantar fascia is a fibrous band of tissue that attaches to the base of the heel and supports the muscles and arch...

Tendinopathies of the lower limb are particularly common among runners and running based sports. The nature of these sports expose our limbs to high repetitive loads; this can increase the risk of tendon overuse in the lower extremity. The most commonly affected tendons are -...

What is spinal stenosis?   The spinal cord, nerves and arteries are housed by the spine, which acts as a hard-electrical casing to support and protect these vulnerable structures. The spine has a hollow column that allows the spinal cord to run from the brain to...

What is an ACL tear and how does it occur? The ACL, or anterior cruciate ligament, is a strong piece of connective tissue, which attaches the thigh bone (femur) to your leg bone (tibia). The ACL provides stability to the knee joint as it prevents the...